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Dehydration (lack of fluids) : Causes, Diagnosis and Therapy

Saturday, December 15th 2012. | Nutrition And Diet


Dehydration (lack of fluids) can be many causes have.Often experience a lack of fluid, when the individuals concerned enough to drinkBut serious organic disease, for example kidney disorders , can cause dehydration. Other causes are:

  • Inadequate intake of fluid, especially in extreme heat or heavy loads and often people also need a low drinking in older and / or terminally ill
  • Vomit
  • Diarrhea
  • Increased sweating (eg heat exhaustion )
  • Fever
  • Burns
  • Abuse of laxatives (laxative abuse)
  • Major blood loss, such as during surgery or after an accident
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Adrenal weakness


When dehydration, it is important for the diagnosis to a doctor. This information is about how long the condition persists already. The physician also provides additionalquestions that are important for the diagnosis of dehydration in or for research into the causes, for example:

Dehydration Dehydration (lack of fluids) : Causes, Diagnosis and Therapy

img thanks to nhs.uk

  • Do you often are dehydrated?
  • If you have worked in extreme heat with severe physical?
  • Drinking you enough, or what have you drunk and in what quantity?
  • Do you take medication or do you just a diet ?
  • She had recently completed a bowel disease with vomiting and / or persistent diarrhea ?
  • Are there any pre-existing conditions such as diabetes or kidney disease ?
  • You must be less urine (oliguria)?

Subsequently, a physical examination to determine the extent and cause of the dehydration. The doctor looks for signs of dehydration such as dry mucous membranes, eye rings (halonierte eyes), decreased skin tension, altered consciousness, headache, and nausea ). In addition, measures he blood pressure and pulse.

Also strong thirst is a sign of dehydration.


When dehydration is important rapid therapy to the dehydration and the associated lack of salt as soon as possible to compensate. Often it is sufficient if you sipped from dehydration much drinkParticularly suitable mineral beverages such as water, mineral water, fruit and herbal teas, juice spritzers or broths.

Dehydration is the advanced and appear clear signs as clouding of consciousness, an infusion of fluids and minerals ( electrolytes ) may be necessary.

When an underlying condition, such as diabetes mellitus, it is necessary to correct the first dehydration and subsequently leave the underlying disease medical treatment.

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